心態 State of Mind

楊釗 Author: Charles Yeung

Translated by Yuda Shyu & Peter Shyu

編者按:釋迦牟尼佛說法四十多年,主要是談如何離苦解脫、如何去除貪瞋癡、如何淨化心,主要是談心的問題。心態是心的表相,心態是心的導向,本篇作者楊先生,因為「正面的心態」而使得他的企業有了正面的發展,此種「正面的心態」,相信也應該應用在家庭裡、在親朋間、在待人接物中,它是非常重要的!因為我們都知道,人成則佛成,成佛須先成人。

人生成功重要的一環在於建立「正面的心態」。

An important link in the successful life lies in establishing “Positive Attitude”.

 

成功的人士,往往能學會用「正面的心態」去看問題。每一個人一定有其優點和缺點,成功的人士,往往能盡量發揮人們的優點,而迴避他的缺點,其中包括自己。

Most of the time, successful people can learn how to use “Positive Attitude” to look into problems. Everybody has strong points and shortcomings. Successful people always try to bring people`s good points into play and avoid their own weak points.

 

所以「古之名訓」說,用人之道,但取其長,不計其短。如果一個團隊能建立這種思維,就能建立一支能幹的團隊。

There`s a saying in ancient  times that the way to lead people is to exert his advantages and not to fuss  his disadvantages. A capable team can be built up if this kind of thinking can  be established.

 

在日常的工作中和生活中,往往有「順境」與「逆境」。成功的人士,往往在「順境」中能「居安思危」,「晴天砍完下雨柴」。即天氣好的時候,要把下雨日子要砍的柴也完成,因為下雨天,上山砍柴是很辛苦的,效果也是很差的。因此,當天氣好的時候,要多砍一些柴,往市場去賣,有些積蓄,當下雨的日子,在家休息也不至於「餓肚子」。

In our daily life, there are  periods of “favorable circumstances” and “adversity”. Successful people, during  “favorable circumstances”, often do things like “prepare for danger in times of  peace” and “chop extra wood in sunny days for rainy time”. In good weather, we  need to cut more wood than we need to cut in wet days, due to it being exhausting  and inefficient cutting wood in the mountain when it’s raining. So, we should  chop and hack more wood in fine days to sell in the market and save the money, in  order not to “get hungry” even rest at home in bad weather.

 

而在「逆境」中,成功人士往往看成是「磨練」自己的好機會,古語云:「生於憂患,死於安樂」,逆境往往令人奮發圖強,從而不斷上進,而安樂的日子往往令人沉醉,從而甘於安樂,不求進取,最終落後。

During “adversity”, successful  people like to treat it as a good opportunity to “train”  themselves. An old  proverb says: “Thrive in calamity and perish in soft living”. Times of  adversity often makes people energetic, attempt to emulation and continue to make progress, yet soft living makes people  indulging, addicted to peace and easiness, not seeking improvement, and will then  fall behind finally.

 

所以成功人士始終能用「正面的心態」去看問題,而失敗的人士往往是用「負面的心態」去看問題。

Therefore, successful people  always see things with “positive attitude” and people who fail most of the  time, see things with “negative attitude”.

 

「正面的心態」還包括從積極的方面去思考問題,從好的方面去看問題,挖掘事件的機會,並能利用事件的機會,時刻注意用這種態度去「調控」自己的心態。

“Positive attitude” also  includes considering problems from active and good directions, then search for  the opportunities and utilize them to adjust mindset with this attitude constantly.

 

「負面的心態」往往受過去種種失敗與疑慮所引導和支配,他們容易從壞的方面看問題,悲觀、消極,最終只能走向失敗。

“Negative attitude”, most of  the time, is incurred and dominated by all kinds of failure and doubt in the  past. Those people tend to view problems from a bad aspect and then move toward  failure in the end due to pessimistic and passive attitudes.

 

「正面的心態」,包括「培養正確的思維模式」,「正確的思維模式」是一切從大局着想,而不是以「自我為中心」,一切為「公」着想而不是為私打算,所想、所說、所行、都是「先利人,後利己」,時刻從對方角度去考慮問題;「易地而處」、「過得自己過得人」、「己所不欲,勿施於人」。處理問題時,盡量做到公平、公正,並盡量增加「透明度」、也就是「公開」。這樣,一個企業就能有凝聚力、就能團結、就能有競爭力、就能建立起一個良好的「社區式企業」。所以,「正確的思維模式」加上積極的進取,可以使一個企業獲得巨大的成功。

“Positive attitude” includes “cultivating  proper thinking pattern”. “Proper thinking pattern” is to think for the whole  general situation, not for oneself; for the public, not for private. What those  people think, speak, and act is all for others first, considering problems from  the stand point of others every moment. They stand in other`s shoes, consider  other`s opinion and they do not do to others what they would not like to do.
When they handle things, they do their best to make it fair, transparent and  open. In doing so, an enterprise will be able to have cohesion, solidarity, and  competitive strength and then, create a fine “community-based enterprise”.
Therefore, “Proper thinking pattern” and positive progress can make an  enterprise big success.

 

相反,消極的、破壞性的心態容易摧毀所有的成功,正如:「UNIQLO」的創辦人柳井正親筆所寫的一本書,其書名是「成功一日可以丟棄」,可見「破壞性心態」的力量。如果繼續下去,它最終將破壞人的健康。

On the contrary, negative and  destructive attitude would easily destroy all success. This is like what it  says in the book of “One-day-success can be discarded` written by Mr. Tadashi  Yanai, the founder of UNIQLO Company. So, the power of destructive attitude is tremendous.  If it continues, it will destroy people`s health ultimately.

 

「正面的心態」包括「專心致志」,「專心」就是把意識集中在某個特定的目標,並且找到達到目標的適當方法,同時,能夠持之有恆,不到目標,誓不罷休。

“Positive attitude” also includes  “Concentration and Dedication”. “Concentration” means to concentrate on a certain  target with consciousness, find out the appropriate ways to reach a goal with  sustained effort until success.

 

「富合作精神」,科學家在風洞試驗中發現,成群的加拿大雁以「V」字形飛行,比一隻雁單獨飛行,能多飛72%的距離,人類也是一樣,只要能跟同伴合作而不是彼此爭鬥的話,往往能走得更遠而且更快。

“Possess the spirit of corporation”  – scientists found in a wind tunnel test, that a flock of Canadian geese in the  shape of a“V” can fly 72% more distance than a single goose. Human beings are  the same. As long as people corporate with partners and not contend each other,  further distance and faster pace can be reached.

 

「正面的心態」有賴於「養成良好的習慣」,「好的習慣」令人立於不敗之地,壞的習慣會把人從成功的神壇上拉下來。

“Positive attitude” depends  on “developing good habit”. “Good habit” makes people stand in the invincible  position, while bad habit will pull down people from the success altar.

 

常常做一件事就會成為習慣,而習慣的力量的確大極了。但人類內心也有一種「天生的良知」,也就是人類既然有能力養成好的習慣,當然有能力去除他們認為不好的習慣。

People will develop a habit  from frequently doing one thing, and the power from the habit is very big. From  human`s natural conscience, people have the ability to develop good habit, and people  have the ability to get rid of bad habit also.

 

在現實中,往往是「學壞易、學好難」,所以出現「知易行難」的現實,但是難並不等於不可能,所以古語云:「不經一番寒徹骨,那得梅花撲鼻香」。

In reality, it`s always “easy  to learn bad things, hard to learn good things”. That’s why people say “It`s  easier said than done”. But, difficulty doesn`t mean impossibility. That`s why the old proverb says that “A plum  tree will not produce very fragrant blossoms without first experiencing a deep freeze.”

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